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Synodontis nigrita  Valenciennes, 1840

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Synodontis nigrita
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Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Mochokidae (Squeakers or upside-down catfishes)
Etymology: Synodontis: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Valenciennes.

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 淡水 底中水層性; pH range: 6.0 - 7.5; dH range: 4 - 15; 河川洄游 (Ref. 51243).    21°C - 26°C (Ref. 2060), preferred ?

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Africa: Senegal, Gambia, Casamance, Géba, Volta, Niger (including the Benue) and Chad basins (Ref. 57223). Also in the Sio and Mono in Togo, Lake Nokoué (Ouémé basin) in Benin, and Kwa Ibo and Cross in Nigeria (Ref. 57223). Present in the Nile basin (Ref. 7362). Reported from the Bohou River (AMNH 228566)(Ubangi River system, middle Congo River basin)(Ref. 41414). Report from the Kolenté (=Great Scarcies)(Ref. 3202) unconfirmed in Ref. 57223.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.5 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 57961)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 1; 臀棘 0. Diagnosis: gill slits not extending ventrally beyond pectoral-fin insertions; interorbital space less than 50% of head width; post-orbital length at least 60% of snout length; maxillary barbels longer than head, unbranched, without tubercles and bordered by a distinct, black basal membrane; outer mandibular barbels with few short, spike-like ramifications, branches of inner mandibular barbels globose and bearing 2-3 tubercles; mandibular teeth thin and small, numbering 25-38; denticulations on outer margins of pectoral-fin spines relatively well developed on outer margin, but weaker than those on inner margin; dorsal-fin spine smooth anteriorly, except for a few apical denticles; humeral process triangular, rather deep, and keeled ventrally; adipose fin short and distinctly separated from rayed dorsal fin; body covered with spots of about 1 mm in diameter; caudal fin spotted (Ref. 57223). Coloration: brownish, somewhat paler on belly; type not well preserved, but still has some black spots on adipose fin, possibly suggesting an also spotted body; other specimens have in fact body and head covered with spots; fins also spotted, the spots on caudal fin aligned; maxillary barbels and their basal membranes black (Ref. 57223).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Maximum TL was recorded at 22.0 cm (Ref. 57223). Oviparous (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Paugy, D. and T.R. Roberts, 2003. Mochokidae. p. 195-268 In C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and G.G. Teugels (eds.) Faune des poissons d'eaux douce et saumâtres de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Tome 2. Coll. Faune et Flore tropicales 40. Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturalle, Paris, France and Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France. 815 p. (Ref. 57223)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

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