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Euthynnus affinis  (Cantor, 1849)

Kawakawa
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Image of Euthynnus affinis (Kawakawa)
Euthynnus affinis
Picture by Randall, J.E.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Scombridae (Mackerels, tunas, bonitos) > Scombrinae
Etymology: Euthynnus: Greek, eu = good + Greek, thynnos = tunna (Ref. 45335).

Lingkungan / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; laut; oceanodromus (Ref. 51243); kisaran kedalaman 0 - 200 m (Ref. 54439).   Tropical; 18°C - 29°C (Ref. 168), preferred 28°C (Ref. 107945); 35°N - 38°S, 32°E - 137°W (Ref. 54439)

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: in warm waters including oceanic islands and archipelagos. A few stray specimens have been collected in the Eastern Central Pacific. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?, range 40 - 65 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm FL jantan/; (Ref. 168); common length : 60.0 cm FL jantan/; (Ref. 168); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 14.0 kg (Ref. 30874)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 10 - 15; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 11-15; Duri dubur 0; Sirip dubur lunak: 11 - 15; vertebrata, bertulang belakang: 39. Swim bladder absent. No trace of vertebral protuberances. Anterior spines of first dorsal fin much higher than those mid-way. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Body naked except for corselet and lateral line. Posterior portion of the back with a pattern of broken oblique stripes.

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Occurs in open waters but always remains close to the shoreline. The young may enter bays and harbors. Forms multi-species schools by size with other scombrid species comprising from 100 to over 5,000 individuals. A highly opportunistic predator feeding indiscriminately on small fishes, especially on clupeoids and atherinids; also on squids, crustaceans and zooplankton (Ref. 9684). Generally marketed canned and frozen; also utilized dried, salted, smoked (Ref. 9684) and fresh (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | mitra

Collette, B.B. and C.E. Nauen, 1983. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 2. Scombrids of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of tunas, mackerels, bonitos and related species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(2):137 p. (Ref. 168)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)




penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: bernilai komersial tinggi; Ikan buruan: ya
FAO(Perikanan: production, profail spesis; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

informasi lanjut

Nama-nama umum
Sinonim (persamaan)
metabolisme
Pemangsa
Ekotoksikologi
Reproduksi, perkembang biakan
Kematangan
Pemijahan
Fecundity
telur-telur
pekembangan telor
Umur / Saiz
Pertumbuhan
panjang-berat
panjang-panjang
ukuran frekuensi
Morfometrik
Morfologi
Larva
Dinamika larva
pemulihan
Kelimpahan
Acuan
Budidaya air
profil budidaya air
Strain
Genetika
Frekuensi alel
Diturunkan
Penyakit-penyakit
Pengolahan
Mass conversion
mitra
Gambar
Stamps, Coins
Suara-suara
Ciguatera
Kecepatan
Tipe renang
Area insang
Otoliths
Otak
Penglihatan / visi

Alat, peralatan

laporan khas

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