Sardinella tawilis in Philippines
Point map (Sardinella tawilis) | Occurrence records | Field guide | Gazetteer | Country Species Summary
Main Ref.
Also Ref.
Occurrence endemic
Importance minor commercial Ref. Bleher, H., 1996
Aquaculture Ref.
Regulations restricted Ref.
Freshwater Yes
Brackish No
Saltwater No
Live export
Bait No
Gamefish No
Abundance fairly common (chances are about 50%) Ref. Anonymous, 1993

Endemic to Lake Bombon (=Taal), Batangas (Ref. 280).It is believed to be the only freshwater sardine in the Philippines which immigrated from Balayan Bay to Taal Lake (Ref. 81621). Reported harvest in 1984 was over 29,000 tonnes, by 1995 it was below 60 t (Ref. 12165). In 1998, production was at a high of 1120 mt, but down to 294 mt in 2000 (Ref. 80723). Threatened due to overfishing (Ref. 12165, 13446). May have split from the marine Sardinella hualiensis in the late Pleistocene based on DNA analyses (Ref. 108843). Also Ref. 188, 12550, 58652,13446.

States/Provinces Complete? No
National Checklist
Country information
(e.g. 9948)
( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Froese, Rainer
Modified by Casal, Christine Marie V.
Checked by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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cfm script by eagbayani, 10.05.99, php script by rolavides, 2/4/2008 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17