Morphology Data of Epinephelus quinquefasciatus
Identification keys
Main Ref. Craig, M., YJ.S. de Mitcheson and P.C. Heemstra, 2011
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth

Distinguished by the following characteristics: generally brownish yellow, grey or greenish; head, dorsal part of body and fins with small black spots, becoming smaller with growth; robust, elongate body, greatest width more than half of body depth, distinctly less than head length; body depth contained 2.7-3.4 times in SL; head length 2.3-2.9 times in SL; extremely broad head; flat interorbital; rounded preopercle, finely serrate; posterior and anterior nostrils round and subequal; scaly maxilla, reaching well past eye; 3-5 rows of subequal teeth on midlateral part of lower jaw; absence of canines at front of jaws (Ref. 89707).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Epinephelus quinquefasciatus

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 61 - 64
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series 89 - 112
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 13 - 15
on upper limb 8 - 9
total 21 - 24


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 11 - 11
Soft-rays total 15 - 16
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total 3 - 3
Soft-rays total 8 - 8

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   18 - 19
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei
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