Morphology Data of Garra geba
Identification keys
Main Ref. Stiassny, M.L.J. and A. Getahun, 2007
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout sucker-like
Position of mouth sub-terminal/inferior

Diagnosis: Garra geba is distinguished from African congeners by the following combination of features: intermediate disc development, depressed head and gracile body; between 5 and 9 predorsal scales anterior to dorsal fin; asquamate chest, belly, and postpelvic region; posterior chamber of gas bladder small; and intestine short (Ref. 58532).

Description: Garra geba is extremely gracile and elongate, greatest body depth located well anterior to dorsal fin, midway between dorsal-fin origin and snout (Ref. 58532). Head gracile and depressed, often with small circular tubercles in front of nostrils, becoming tubular beneath eyes; eyes positioned medially on head (Ref. 58532). Dorsal head profile rises steeply over snout, dorsum of head more-or-less flattened, dorsal body profile smoothly convex to dorsal-fin origin (Ref. 58532). Disc variously developed; only weekly so in smaller specimens, becoming quite well-developed with a narrow free posterior edge and partially free lateral margins in adult specimens, but never broadly papillate; disc in adults markedly wider than deep; rostral cap well developed, extending ventrally over upper jaw and with invecked ventral margin (Ref. 58532). Two pairs of barbels; maxillary barbels usually slightly longer than rostral pair (Ref. 58532). Between 37 and 39 scales along lateral line; between 5 and 9 predorsal scales anterior to dorsal fin; 2.5-3.5 scales from lateral line to origin of pelvic fin; 4.5-5.5 scales from lateral line to dorsal-fin origin; chest, belly and postpelvic region asquamate (Ref. 58532). Dorsal fin with iv,7 rays, inserted well anterior to pelvic fin, with short subacuminate tip, first and second unbranched rays longest; anal fin with iv,5 rays, with short subacuminate tip; pectoral fin with iv,11 rays, its length 19.1-22.6% of standard length, with somewhat pointed tips (Ref. 58532). Predorsal length 46.9-50.0% of standard length (Ref. 58532). Vent located relatively distant from anal fin (Ref. 58532).

Colouration: Body dark dorsally, lighter brown below lateral line and ventrally (Ref. 58532). Head, snout and most of cheek and opercle dark brown; lips, gular region, posterior margin of opercle and branchiostegal membranes creamy yellow-brown; pale coloration extends postero-dorsally around eye (Ref. 58532). Dorsal-fin membrane pale cream distally, faint submarginal band of black pigment in membrane between rays, and pale cream proximally; either 4 or 5 black spots between rays in basal membrane of dorsal fin; anal fin uniformly pale creamy brown; caudal fin pale dusky brown, with median rays a darker brown; pelvic and pectoral fins uniformly pale creamy brown (Ref. 58532).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Garra geba

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 37 - 39
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 4.5 - 5.5
Scale rows below lateral line 2.5 - 3.5
Scales around caudal peduncle
Barbels 4
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 11 - 11
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 9 - 9

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     0
Soft-rays   15 - 15
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  behind origin of D1
Spines     0
Soft-rays   8 - 8
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Boden, Gert
Modified by Boden, Gert
Comments & Corrections
Sign our Guest Book
Back to Search
cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17