Morphology Data of Glanidium botocudo
Identification keys
Main Ref. Sarmento-Soares, L.M. and R.F. Martins-Pinheiro, 2013
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes eyes with fixed fatty (adipose) tissue/eyelids
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth terminal

This species is diagnosed from other species of Glanidium, except G. albescens, by the presence of small dark spots over a pale yellow ground color (vs. large dark blotches over a pale brown ground color). It differs from G. albescens by having pectoral fin spine length, about 21-26 % in SL (vs. 17-20% in SL), 10 ribs (vs. 9) and 36-37 vertebrae (vs. 38-39). The possession of 36 or 37 vertebrae separates this species from G. cesarpintoi, G. albescens, G. leopardum, G. melanopterum, G. catharinensis, and G. ribeiroi (with 38 or 39 in G. cesarpintoi, 38 or 39 in G. albescens, 40 or 41 in G. leopardum, 41 in G. melanopterum, 41 in G. catharinensis, and 44 in G. ribeiroi). It also differs from other species by having anterior margin of the pectoral-fin spine with serrae on its entire margin (vs. serrae restricted to distal portion of spine in G. melanopterum, G. catharinensis and G. ribeiroi or smooth anterior margin in G. leopardum) and by a long sharpened ventral process on urohyal (vs distinctly short robust process in G. melanopterum, G. cesarpintoi, G. catharinensis, and G. ribeiroi) (Ref. 93811).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Glanidium botocudo

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 36 - 37


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 2 - 2
Soft-rays total 5 - 5
Adipose fin present

Caudal fin

Attributes forked

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 11 - 11

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Spines     1
Soft-rays   5 - 5
Pelvics Attributes  
Position    abdominal  behind origin of D1
Soft-rays   6 - 6
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
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