Morphology Data of Gnatholepis cauerensis
Identification keys
Main Ref. Larson, H.K. and D.J. Buckle, 2012
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section oval
Dorsal head profile clearly convex
Type of eyes more or less normal
Type of mouth/snout more or less normal
Position of mouth sub-terminal/inferior

Distinguished by the following characteristics: moderate-sized (up to 56 mm SL) with wide range in live colour pattern; ctenoid body scales usually reaching rear corner of opercle, occasionally ctenoid scales reaching to above rear preopercular margin; nape midline scales always cycloid, distinct flap present at end of lower lip; when alive, colour variable: body translucent white with five to seven rows of small variably coloured (dull orange, brown, red-brown to blackish) spots and/or thin lines and about six indistinct diffuse orange-brown to purple-brown blotches along midside; narrow vertical black mark on top of each eye, marks may join each other across interorbital space, and narrow black vertical line crossing cheek below eye; small dark mark of variable shape (often W-shaped) above pectoral fin base, with small yellow spot in centre; second dorsal and anal fin rays usually I,11; pectoral rays 12-18, modally 16; lateral scales 24-30, modally 27; 7-12 predorsal scales (modally 9) (Ref. 92171).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Gnatholepis cauerensis

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series 26 - 30
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle 11 - 13
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 3 - 4
on upper limb 1 - 2
total 4 - 6


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 2
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 7 - 7
Soft-rays total 11 - 11
Adipose fin

Caudal fin

Attributes other (see remark); more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 1 - 1
Soft-rays total 11 - 11

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     0
Soft-rays   12 - 18
Pelvics Attributes  joint, cup-like
Position    thoracic  before origin of D1
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Garilao, Cristina V.
Modified by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17