Morphology Data of Gnatholepis knighti
Identification keys
Main Ref. Larson, H.K. and D.J. Buckle, 2012
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section compressed
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth

This large stocky Gnatholepis species (up to 64 mm SL) is distinguished by the following characters: cycloid scales on predorsal region, cheek and pectoral fin base; a distinct flap present at end of lower lip; 3 or more dark spots along first spine of first and second dorsal fins, followed by at least 3 rows of dark spots or short streaks; pectoral fin plain translucent to pale brownish; transverse black line crossing upper part of eye usually split in 2; anal fin plain dusky, often with one to several blackish rounded to oval spots posteriorly, or with dark streaks following membrane; D2 and A nearly always I,11; pectoral rays 15-17 (usually 16); lateral scales 25-29 (usually 27); predorsal scales 7-10 (usually 8-9) (Ref. 92171).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Gnatholepis knighti

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 25 - 29
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle 12 - 12
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 2
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 7 - 8
Soft-rays total 10 - 12
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 1 - 1
Soft-rays total 10 - 11

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   15 - 17
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B.
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17