Morphology Data of Gymnotus pantanal
Identification keys
Main Ref. Fernandes, F.M.C., J.S. Albert, M.F.Z. Daniel-Silva, C.E. Lopes, W.G.R. Crampton and L.F. Almeida-Toledo, 2005
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth

Gymnotus pantanal differs from other members of the G. pantherinus species-

group (except G. anguillaris) in possessing a color pattern composed of thin obliquely oriented pale pigment bands (about one third the width of the dark bands) with wavy margins restricted to the ventral portion of the body (rarely extending above the lateral line) on

the anterior half of the body. Gymnotus pantanal further differs from other members of the G. pantherinus species-group in possessing a wider head (72–77 vs. 52–69% head length). Gymnotus pantanal further differs from G. anguillaris in possessing more narrowly set eyes (37–41 vs. 43–56% head length), a deeper head (66–74 vs. 60–65% head length), larger branchial openings (38–43 vs. 29–36% head length), longer pectoral fins (51–56 vs.

42–50% head length), more pectoral-fin rays (mode 17 vs. 16), and fewer pored posterior

lateral-line scales (to first ventral ramus: 47–58 vs. 58–62; total: 102–114 vs. 124–130).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Gymnotus pantanal

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Busson, Frédéric
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