Morphology Data of Gymnotus tiquie
Identification keys
Main Ref. Maxime, E.L., F.C.T. Lima and J.S. Albert, 2011
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth

This species is distinguished from all members of the G. pantherinus group by a unique set of morphometric, meristic, and osteological traits: its distinct color pattern in which the dark oblique pigment bands, diverse in shape and design, are divided into band-pairs along the length of the body (the band-pairs are often recurved, dorsally concave, more variable, and often reticulated in the abdominal region), and the pale inter-bands meet at the dorsal mid-line along most of the length of the body. This species shares with other members of the species group the following: presence of one (vs. two) pore in the dorsolateral portion of the preopercle (except in G. pantanal and G. anguillaris); needle-shaped (vs. conical or arrowhead-shaped) teeth on the dentary and premaxilla; a slender body, depth 5.6-10.6% HL (vs. deep 8.7-13.5%, except G. chaviro, G. curupira, G. varzea, G. chimarrao, G. maculosus, G. henni, and G. inaequilabiatus that also have a slender body). Gymnotus tiquie is most similar in overall appearance to G. cataniapo (upper Orinoco) where these two share three unique features: dark band-pairs with wavy irregular margins along the length of the body; long body cavity with 45 or more pre-caudal vertebrae; darkly pigmented membrane in the caudal region of the anal fin (Ref. 83328).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Gymnotus tiquie

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales 94 - 108
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 7 - 8
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
preanal 45 - 45


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 210 - 265

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   15 - 17
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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