Morphology Data of Helcogramma nigra
Identification keys
Main Ref. Williams, J.T. and J.C. Howe, 2003
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth

A species of Helcogramma (sensu Hansen, 1986) with 1-2 symphysial mandibular sensory pores, second dorsal fin spines XIII (two of 26 specimens with XIV), third dorsal fin segmented rays 10-12, last ribs on vertebral centrum 11, vertebrae modally 11+26=37 (value range: 11+25 to 27=36 to 38), pored lateral line scales modally 25 (value range: 23-29), nape scales absent, males with dorsal, caudal and anal fins dark.

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Helcogramma nigra

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales 23 - 29
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 36 - 38


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 3
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 16 - 17
Soft-rays total 11 - 13
Adipose fin

Caudal fin

Attributes more or less truncate; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 1 - 1
Soft-rays total 19 - 21

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Soft-rays   15 - 16
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    jugular
Spines     1
Soft-rays   2 - 2
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Busson, Frédéric
Modified by Hilomen, Teresa
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17