Morphology Data of Hemiramphus saltator
Identification keys
Main Ref. Watson, W., 1996
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features striking type of mouth
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout lower jaw greatly elongated
Position of mouth superior

Body elongate; lower jaw very prolonged; upper jaw short, triangular, and without scales; lower branch of first gill arch with 26 to 32 gill rakers; fins lacking spines; pectoral fins long; caudal fin deeply forked, the lower lobe longer than the upper; anal fin with 10 to 13 rays; back dark blue; flanks and belly silvery white; edge of lower jaw red; upper lobe of caudal fin violet blue, its tip red (Ref. 55763). Branchiostegal rays: 13-15 (Ref. 36576).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Hemiramphus saltator

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 23 - 32
on upper limb 9 - 14
total 54 - 58


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   0 - 0
Ventral  0 - 0
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 12 - 15
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 11 - 13

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Spines     0
Soft-rays   10 - 12
Pelvics Attributes  
Spines     0
Soft-rays   6 - 6
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Luna, Susan M.
Modified by Busson, Frédéric
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17