Morphology Data of Stiphodon alcedo
Identification keys
Main Ref. Maeda, K., M. Takahiko and K. Tachinara, 2011
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors
Remarks Males with well developed sexual dichromatism showing conspicuous nuptial color during courtship.

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth sub-terminal/inferior

Distinguished from its congeners by having the following characters: dorsal fins, usually VI-I, 9, male having pointed, but not filamentous, first dorsal fin with elongate spines 4 and 5, posterior tip of fin usually extending to base of soft-rays 2-5 of second dorsal fin; pectoral fin with 15-17 (mode 16) rays; 32-40 premaxillary teeth; dentary with 32-45 horizontal teeth; female with two black longitudinal bands laterally on body arranged with a larger interval between two bands; lower band composed of 8-11 regular blotches, upper band thin and pale; all fins of female usually with faint markings; non-nuptial colored male having a dark brown longitudinal band just below lateral midline; nuptial colored male lacking this band, and having blackish or sometimes orange body, metallic turquoise laterally on head, metallic turquoise spot on upper pectoral-fin base when alive; and male often with 1-6 somewhat obscure black spots on pectoral-fin rays (Ref. 90212).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Stiphodon alcedo

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 30 - 33
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 25 - 27


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 2
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 7 - 7
Soft-rays total 9 - 10
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes more or less truncate

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total 1 - 1
Soft-rays total 10 - 10

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   15 - 17
Pelvics Attributes  
Spines     1
Soft-rays   5 - 5
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B.
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17