Morphology Data of Synodontis lucipinnis
Identification keys
Main Ref. Wright, J.J. and L.M. Page, 2006
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes more or less normal
Type of mouth/snout more or less normal
Position of mouth sub-terminal/inferior

Body is not compressed; predorsal profile is slightly convex; skin on body forming numerous vertical folds; papillae absent; head slightly depressed and broad (Ref. 59365). Eyes dorsolateral, ovoid, its diameter 25.2-35.8% of snout length (Ref. 59365). Mandibular teeth 35-51, short and unicuspid, arranged in 6 short, transverse rows (Ref. 59365). Maxillary barbel short, extending at least to base of pectoral spine, with small papillae at base and narrow basal membrane; lateral mandibular barbel extending to point just past anterior margin of pectoral girdle, with 4-6 short, simple, weakly tuberculate branches, usually lacking secondary branches; medial mandibular barbel approximately 1/3 to 1/2 length of lateral barbel, with 4-6 pairs of tuberculate branches, many secondary branches present (Ref. 59365). Dorsal fin spine short, striated, slightly curved, terminating in a short, white filament; anterior margin of spine smooth, posterior margin with small serrations distally (Ref. 59365). Pectoral fin spine roughly equal in length to dorsal fin spine, striated, slightly curved, terminating in short, white filament; anterior spine margin smooth, posterior margin with large, retrorse serrations along entire length (Ref. 59365). Adipose fin long, well dveloped, margin convex (Ref. 59365). Body with large spots, fin spines white (Ref. 59365).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Synodontis lucipinnis

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 34 - 35


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes first rays forming locking device
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 2 - 2
Soft-rays total 7 - 8
Adipose fin present

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 12 - 13

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  1st ray hardened with locking structure
Spines     1
Soft-rays   8 - 9
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  behind origin of D1
Spines     0
Soft-rays   7 - 7
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Boden, Gert
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