Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Malacanthidae
(Tilefishes) > Latilinae
Etymology: Lopholatilus: Greek, lophos = crest + Latin, latus = wide (Ref. 45335). More on author: Goode, Bean.
Environment / Climate / Range
Marine; demersal; depth range 80 - 540 m (Ref. 5217). Subtropical; 9°C - 14°C (Ref. 33985); 46°N - 1°N
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 42.2  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 125 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3276); 95.0 cm FL (female); common length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3276); max. published weight: 30.0 kg (Ref. 9988); max. reported age: 35 years (Ref. 6086)
Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada to southern Florida, USA and Gulf of Mexico. Probably throughout the northern coast of South America (Ref. 5217); and the Caribbean (Dooley, pers. comm.).
Most common around 200 m, usually over mud or sand bottom and occasionally over rough bottom (Ref. 9988); prefers temperature of 8-17°C (Ref. 5951). Feeds mainly on shrimp and crabs, but also takes fish, squid, bivalves and holothurians. Sensitive to cold water (Ref. 9988), a mass die-off occurred in 1882, after which the species was rare for decades, presumably due to unusually cold water (Ref. 7251). Marketed fresh or frozen; can be steamed, pan-fried, broiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).
Dooley, J.K., 1978. Branchiostegidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). Volume 1. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3276)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00409 - 0.01473), b=3.11 (2.94 - 3.28), based on LWR estimates for species & (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.09-0.13; tm=5; tmax=35; Fec=195,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (70 of 100) .