Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Percidae
(Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335); lawrencei: Named after Lawrence M. Page.
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47261); 5.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 8 - 11;
soft rays: 6 - 9. Differs from all members of the Etheostoma spectabile complex except E. tecumsehi in having orange belly color confluent with the anterior orange interspaces in breeding males and in having the alternating orange and blue transverse bars prominent along the entire length of the body (versus limited to posterior half) (Ref. 47261).
North America: 3 disjunct river systems in Kentucky and Tennessee: headwaters of Salt River system; upper Green River system including the Nolin and Mud River systems; and Cumberland River system from Wilburn Creek on the north and Dillard Creek on the south side of the Cumberland River, Smith County, Tennessee, upstream to near Cumberland Falls.
Attains its greatest abundance in small (1-2 m wide) to medium (3-5 m wide) upland gravel and cobble streams where it is found mainly in moderately-flowing to swift shallow riffles and runs (Ref. 47261). Adults and juveniles are encountered in pools over gravel and bedrock but not as common there unless the pool is in or near a spring (Ref. 47261).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ceas, P.A. and B.M. Burr, 2002. Etheostoma lawrencei, a new species of darter in the E. spectabile species complex (Percidae: subgenus Oligocephalus), from Kentucky and Tennessee. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 13(3):203-216. (Ref. 47261)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .