Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Percidae
(Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335); kennicotti: Named after Robert Kennicott, the collector of type specimens (Ref. 10294).
Environment / Climate / Range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 38°N - 34°N
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 5.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 3 years (Ref. 12193)
North America: tributaries of Ohio River in southern Illinois and western Kentucky; Green River drainage in Kentucky; upper Cumberland River drainage in Kentucky and Tennessee; and Tennessee River drainage in Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi in the USA.
Inhabit rocky pools of headwaters, creeks and small rivers (Ref. 5723, 10294). Adults feed on midge larvae, mayfly and stonefly nymphs, and crustaceans (Ref. 10294). Eggs are found clustered on underside of stone and guarded by males (Ref. 7043).
Eggs are found clustered on underside of stone (Ref. 7043). Males guard the eggs (Ref. 7043).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 96402)
CITES (Ref. 94142)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00201 - 0.01253), b=3.14 (2.92 - 3.36), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=3; Fec=24-130).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .