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Sparus aurata  Linnaeus, 1758

Gilthead seabream
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Sparus aurata
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Classification / Names Κοινά ονόματα | Συνώνυμα | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ακτινοπτερύγιοι > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Sparus: Latin, sparus = a fish with a golden head (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Linnaeus.

Περιβάλλον / Κλίμα / Εύρος Οικολογία

; Θαλασσινό(ά); Υφάλμυρο βενθικό(ς); εύρος βάθους 1 - 150 m (Ref. 35388), usually 1 - 30 m (Ref. 54890).   Subtropical, preferred 26°C (Ref. 107945); 62°N - 15°N, 17°W - 43°E (Ref. 54890)

Κατανομή Χώρες | Περιοχές FAO | Οικοσυστήματα | Παρουσίες | Point map | Εισαγωγές | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: British Isles, Strait of Gibraltar to Cape Verde and around the Canary Islands; also in the Mediterranean (Ref. 3688). Reported from the Black Sea (Ref. 12781). Reports from New Zealand refer to Pagrus auratus (Foster 1801) (Ref. 5755, 9258).

Length at first maturity / Μέγεθος / Βάρος / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 33 - 40 cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL αρσενικό/απροσδιόριστο; (Ref. 35388); common length : 35.0 cm SL αρσενικό/απροσδιόριστο; (Ref. 4781); μεγ. δημοσιευμένο βάρος: 17.2 kg (Ref. 40637); μεγ. αναφερόμενη ηλικία: 11 έτη (Ref. 7253)

Short description Μορφολογία | Μορφομετρία

Ραχιαίες άκανθες (συνολικά): 11; Μαλακές ραχιαίες ακτίνες (συνολικά): 13-14; Εδρικές άκανθες 3; Μαλακές εδρικές ακτίνες: 11 - 12. Body tall, with large black spot on the gill cover. Snout more than twice as long as the eye diameter (Ref. 35388).

Βιολογία     Γλωσσάρι (π.χ. epibenthic)

Found in seagrass beds and sandy bottoms as well as in the surf zone commonly to depths of about 30 m, but adults may occur to 150 m depth. A sedentary fish, either solitary or in small aggregations. In spring, they often occur in brackish water coastal lagoons and estuaries. Mainly carnivorous, accessorily herbivorous (Ref. 3688). Feed on shellfish, including mussels and oysters. One of the most important fishes in saline and hypersaline aquaculture. Utilized fresh and eaten steamed, pan-fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior Γεννητική Ωρίμανση | Αναπαραγωγή | Γεννοβολία | Αβγά | Γονιμότητα | Προνύμφες

Males become females at about 3 years of age (Ref. 2715, 28504). Protandric hermaphrodite species, maturing first as male (during the first or second year of age) and after the second or third year of age, as female. Spawning happens generally from October to December, with sequenced spawning during the whole period. Incubation lasts about 2 days at 16-1 7°C. Larval stages last about 50 days at 1 7.5°C or about 43 days at 20°C. Egg size 0.9-1.1 mm, larval length at hatching 2.5-3.0 mm. Simultaneous hermaphroditism is suggested for this species (Ref. 103751).

Main reference Upload your references | Αναφορές | Συντονιστής | Συνεργάτες

Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

αλιεία: Εμπορικό(ά); Υδατοκαλλιέργειες: Εμπορικό(ά); αλιεία αναψυχής: ναί
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