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Hybognathus placitus  Girard, 1856

Plains minnow
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Native range | All suitable habitat
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Hybognathus placitus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hybognathus placitus (Plains minnow)
Hybognathus placitus
Female picture by Thomas, C.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Hybognathus: Greek, ybos, -e, -on = curved + Greek, gnathos = jaw; with bulging jaw (Ref. 45335);  placitus: From the word placitus, meaning broad surface (referring to the relatively broad head) (Ref. 10294).   More on author: Girard.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; demersal.   Subtropical, preferred ?; 47°N - 32°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Missouri, Arkansas, Red, Brazos, and Colorado River drainages from Montana and North Dakota south to New Mexico and Texas, USA; Mississippi River from mouth of Missouri River to Tennessee, USA. Introduced in Pecos River in New Mexico, USA.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 7.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs usually in shallow sandy runs and pools of creeks and small to large rivers (Ref. 86798). Oviparous, probably open substratum spawners like congeners (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

The pelagic-broadcast spawning behavior consisted of males pursuing a single female and nudging her abdominal region. When the female was ready to spawn, a single male wrapped around the female at which time eggs and milt were simultaneously expelled. Reproduction usually consisted of several individual spawning episodes with at least 10-min intervals between events (Ref. 35784).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 109396)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00393 - 0.01681), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .