You can sponsor this page

Nocomis biguttatus  (Kirtland, 1840)

Hornyhead chub
Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Nocomis biguttatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Nocomis biguttatus (Hornyhead chub)
Nocomis biguttatus
Picture by The Native Fish Conservancy

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Nocomis: An Indian (North America) name used by Charles Girard; ojibwe, nokomiss = grandmother (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Temperate, preferred ?; 53°N - 36°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Mohawk River system in New York, USA west through Great Lakes and Mississippi River basin to Red River drainage (Hudson Bay basin) in Manitoba, Canada and North Dakota, USA, and south to Ohio River drainage; Ozark drainages in Missouri and Arkansas, USA. Isolated populations in lower Kentucky River system in Kentucky, Platte and Cheyenne River systems in Nebraska, Wyoming, and Colorado, and Kansas River in Kansas, USA.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 11.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 12193)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Caudal fin red (young) to yellow (adults); other fins yellow to orange; large male with bright red spot behind eye, female with brassy spot ); dark olive to brown above; iridescent green on yellow-brown side; white to light yellow below; dusky iridescent yellow stripe along back; yellow streak above dusky stripe along side and around snout; black caudal spot (all darkest on young); rounded snout; 38-45 scales on lateral line; usually 16-17 scales around caudal peduncle; pharyngeal teeth 1,4-4,1. Breeding male is pink below with pin-orange fins and has many large tubercles on top of head (Ref. 86798).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits rocky pools and runs of creeks and small to medium rivers (Ref. 86798).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources