You can sponsor this page

Pseudotolithus elongatus  (Bowdich, 1825)

Bobo croaker
Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pseudotolithus elongatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Pseudotolithus elongatus (Bobo croaker)
Pseudotolithus elongatus
Picture by FAO

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sciaenidae (Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Pseudotolithus: Greek, pseudes = false + greek, otos = ear + Greek, lithos = stone (Ref. 45335).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 0 - 100 m (Ref. 3593), usually 50 - 100 m (Ref. 26999).   Tropical, preferred 26°C (Ref. 107945); 17°N - 6°S, 17°W - 14°E (Ref. 54743)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: west coast of Africa, from Senegal to southern Angola (Ref. 3593, 57396).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 19.1  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 47.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5752); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3593)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 29-34; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 6. Diagnosis: medium-sized fish, fusiform and compressed; head short; eyes rather large; snout short; mouth large and oblique, subterminal; teeth villiform, set in narrow bands in both jaws; 5 marginal pores on snout and 6 mental pores; gill rakers long and slender, longer than gill filaments at angle of first gill arch; dorsal fin long, deeply notched; 2nd anal fin spine very strong, about as long as 1st soft ray and comprised less than twice in head length; caudal fin more or less pointed; scales ctenoid on body, cycloid on breast and head; lateral line extending to hind margin of caudal fin; swim bladder carrot-shaped, its front end with a pair of appendages subdividing into a group of short anterior branches and a bundle of 5-6 slender tubes extending backwards over half the length of swim bladder (Ref. 57396). Coloration: back olivaceous brown, sides silvery with series of dark dots, belly light, yellowish during reproduction period; spinous part of dorsal fin dark, soft part lighter, with 2-3 longitudinal series of dark dots; pelvics and anal fin yellowish (Ref. 57396).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in coastal waters over mud bottom (Ref. 3593, 57396), very close to the shore (Ref. 57396). Also enters estuaries and coastal lagoons (Ref. 3593), where reproduction takes place (Ref. 57396). Moves farther offshore to about 100 m for spawning during rainy season from December to February; Feeds on fish and shrimps (Ref. 28587).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Chao, L.N. and E. Trewavas, 1990. Sciaenidae. p. 813-826. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3593)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO(fisheries: production, species profile; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources