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Etheostoma bison  Ceas & Page, 1997

Buffalo darter
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Etheostoma bison
Picture by Page, L.M.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335);  bison: The specific epithet bison refers to the enlarged nuchal hump present on large breeding males w/c is reminiscent of the body shape of the North American bison.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9 - 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14; Anal soft rays: 7 - 8. Differs from all members of the complex in having in the breeding male the horizontal lines restricted to a series of long dark dashes, and upper sides with a zone of light tan extending the length of the body. It differs from all other species by modally having 8 anal rays and 6 scales below the lateral line (Ref. 27671).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Occurs in tributaries of the lower Duck and lower Tennessee Rivers.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Ceas, P.A. and L.M. Page, 1997. Systematic studies of the Etheostoma spectabile complex (Percidae; Subgenus Oligocephalus), with descriptions of four new species. Copeia 1997(3):496-522.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00503 - 0.03006), b=3.07 (2.85 - 3.29), based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.