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Etheostoma lawrencei  Ceas & Burr, 2002

Headwater darter
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Etheostoma: Greek, etheo = to strain + Greek, stoma = mouth; Rafinesque said "various mouths", but Jordan and Evermann suggest the name might have been intended as "Heterostoma (Ref. 45335);  lawrencei: Named after Lawrence M. Page.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Temperate

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47261); 5.7 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8 - 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-15; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 6 - 9. Differs from all members of the Etheostoma spectabile complex except E. tecumsehi in having orange belly color confluent with the anterior orange interspaces in breeding males and in having the alternating orange and blue transverse bars prominent along the entire length of the body (versus limited to posterior half) (Ref. 47261).

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: 3 disjunct river systems in Kentucky and Tennessee: headwaters of Salt River system; upper Green River system including the Nolin and Mud River systems; and Cumberland River system from Wilburn Creek on the north and Dillard Creek on the south side of the Cumberland River, Smith County, Tennessee, upstream to near Cumberland Falls.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Attains its greatest abundance in small (1-2 m wide) to medium (3-5 m wide) upland gravel and cobble streams where it is found mainly in moderately-flowing to swift shallow riffles and runs (Ref. 47261). Adults and juveniles are encountered in pools over gravel and bedrock but not as common there unless the pool is in or near a spring (Ref. 47261).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Ceas, P.A. and B.M. Burr, 2002. Etheostoma lawrencei, a new species of darter in the E. spectabile species complex (Percidae: subgenus Oligocephalus), from Kentucky and Tennessee. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 13(3):203-216.

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 90363)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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Internet sources

BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | iSpecies | PubMed | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | uBio | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on empirical models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.