You can sponsor this page

Gobius niger  Linnaeus, 1758

Black goby
Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Gobius niger   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Sounds | Google image
Image of Gobius niger (Black goby)
Gobius niger
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Gobius: Latin, gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 1 - 96 m (Ref. 86376), usually 1 - 50 m (Ref. 35388).   Temperate; 8°C - 24°C (Ref. 4944), preferred 10°C (Ref. 107945); 66°N - 20°N, 18°W - 42°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea: throughout North Africa from Cape Blanc, Mauritania north and eastwards to the Suez Canal; also along the eastern Atlantic coast northwards to Trondheim (Norway) and Baltic Sea. Also known from the Black Sea (Ref. 4646).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 6 - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35388); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 97194)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Neck scaled with a black spot in the front end of each dorsal fin (Ref. 35388); body shape is terete, slightly depressed; eyes situated dorso-laterally; reduced swim bladders (Ref. 92840).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in estuaries, lagoons and inshore waters over sand or mud, in seagrass or on algae (Ref. 4696). Occasionally recorded in freshwater, but there are no documented records of actual occurrence in European freshwaters (Ref. 59043). Feed on crustaceans (larger amphipods, isopods, shrimps, mysids, small crabs), bivalves, gastropods, polychaetes, chironomid larvae, sometimes small fish (Ref. 4696).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Repeat spawner (Ref. 4696). Male guards eggs.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Miller, P.J., 1986. Gobiidae. p. 1019-1085. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4696)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins
Swim. type
Gill area


Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources